bpl ration card

bpl ration card

Exploring the Diversity of Ration Cards: Types, Status, and Benefits

In India, a range of ration cards cater to diverse needs, meticulously categorized and distributed by state governments. These cards play a crucial role in ensuring that eligible households can access essential food grains at subsidized rates, as per the provisions of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) of 2013.

bpl ration card

bpl ration card
image credit: abplive

Understanding Ration Cards Ration cards are official documents issued by state governments, granting qualifying households the privilege of purchasing food grains at discounted prices, primarily in adherence to the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). However, in 2013, the enactment of the National Food and Security Act (NFSA) expanded the scope, ensuring specified quality and quantity of food at affordable rates. Presently, states implementing the NFSA issue two primary types of ration cards: the Priority Household (PHH) and Non-priority Household (NPHH) ration cards.

bpl ration card

Five Distinct Types of Ration Cards in India India offers five distinct types of ration cards, each serving a unique purpose under the NFSA and TPDS:

  • Priority Household (PHH) Ration Card: These cards are granted to households that meet predefined government eligibility criteria. Each member of the household is entitled to 5 kg of food grains per month.
  • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) Ration Card: Designed for households identified as Antyodaya families, these cards offer 35 kg of food grains per month to each family.
  • APL (Above Poverty Line) Ration Card: Issued to households residing above the poverty line.
  • BPL (Below Poverty Line) Ration Card: Intended for households living below the poverty line.
  • AY (Annapurna Yojna) Ration Card: Granted to elderly individuals aged 65 and above, who fall under the category of ‘poor.’
  • bpl ration card

Please note that as of now, APL, BPL, and AY ration cards are no longer issued in India. The NFSA exclusively issues PPH and NPHH cards.

Detailed Breakdown of Ration Cards under NFSA, 2013 Under the NFSA, state governments issue ration cards tailored to specific needs and circumstances. These include:

  • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) Ration Card: This type of ration card is designated for underprivileged families lacking a stable income, as identified by state authorities. It encompasses individuals like rickshaw pullers, daily laborers, and the unemployed, as well as women and senior citizens. Cardholders are entitled to receive 35 kg of food grains per month, comprising 15 kg of wheat and 20 kg of rice. The price is highly subsidized at Rs. 3 per kg for rice and Rs. 2 per kg for wheat.
  • Priority Household (PHH) Ration Card: Families not covered under AAY fall under this category, identified by state governments following exclusive and inclusive guidelines. PHH cardholders receive 5 kg of food grains per person per month, at subsidized rates: Rs. 3 per kg for rice, Rs. 2 per kg for wheat, and Rs. 1 per kg for coarse grains. Inclusion criteria encompass transgender individuals, persons with over 40% disability, primitive tribal groups, homeless households, and those dependent on alms. Exclusions comprise households with certain assets or income criteria.
  • Non-Priority Household (NPHH) Ration Card: Issued to households not meeting PHH eligibility criteria, serving primarily as an identity proof without food grain entitlement.
  • bpl ration card

Ration Cards under TPDS Before the introduction of the NFSA, state governments distributed ration cards under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). Some states continue to employ these older ration cards, with those mentioned above issued exclusively under the NFSA. TPDS ration cards include: bpl ration card

  • Below Poverty Line (BPL) Ration Card: Allocated to families living below the state-defined poverty line, they receive 10 to 20 kg of food grains per family per month at 50% of the economic cost. The subsidized retail price varies by state.
  • Above Poverty Line (APL) Ration Card: Issued to families living above the poverty line, granting them 10 to 20 kg of food grains per family per month at full economic cost. Rates for specific quantities of rice, wheat, sugar, and kerosene oil differ by state.
  • Annapoorna Yojana (AY) Ration Card: Catering to elderly individuals aged 65 and above, who are economically disadvantaged, these cardholders receive 10 kg of food grains per month, as specified by the state government.

The Evolution of Ration Card Colors The issuance of color-coded ration cards has varied from state to state. These color-coded cards were prominent under the TPDS and typically included white, yellow (saffron), and green cards. Some states have transitioned to NFSA-compliant cards (AAY, PHH, and NPHH), discontinuing the use of color-coded cards. bpl ration card

bpl ration card

Benefits and Uses of a Ration Card Ration cards serve various functions, offering access to subsidized food supplies, serving as an accepted form of official identification, and facilitating essential processes like applying for a PAN card, opening a bank account, transferring money between accounts, paying income tax, acquiring a voter ID card, obtaining a mobile SIM card, applying for a passport, securing a driver’s license, securing a new LPG connection, and withdrawing life insurance. bpl ration card

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